VA panels are good except for Competitive Games and Photo Designers with extreme color accuracy. IPS panels are good except for Competitive gamers. TN is good except for Photo & Video editors, Designers, and Programmers.

As the title of this article says that the laptop's display mainly have one of three panels as following.

  • TN panel
  • VA panel
  • IPS panel

All of the above panels have their pros and cons. And, there's no panel available which can fulfill the needs of different kind of uses alone. Hence, if the one panel is for made for professional gamers then it may not be perfect for programmers or designers.

So, in this article, I am going to explain each of the panel that are coming with a laptops nowadays. In addition to that, I will also tell you which panel is best for you according to your job.

Table of Contents

TN (Twisted Nematic) Panels

The beginning of the flat-screen monitors was governed by TN panels. It has put an end on the CRT (Cathode-Ray Tube) monitors. When it launched, they became massively popular as they were providing good viewing quality in the tiny place compared CRT ones.

But, over the use, TN panels found to have notably more drawbacks. One important one was about viewing angles on vertical axis. In addition to that, If you view the picture in this panel from extreme angle (more than 140 degrees), it looks with mostly inverted colors.

Furthermore, its color reproduction is not up to the mark strong. So, TN panels are unable to display 24-bit color picture. Hence, they needs to depend on the interpolation to stimulate the correct shades which makes a visible color banding.

On the other hand of good side, they are wide-color gamut. They display the full spectrum of SRGB. And, these panels have high refresh rates with low response time. Furthemore, they are also cheaper to buy for beginners. So,

  • It's for
  • Office use
  • Students with Basic use
  • Competitive Games
  • It's not for
  • Programmers
  • Photo and Video editors
  • Non-competitive gamers
  • Designer

IPS (In-Plane Switching) Panels

IPS panel is the acronym of In-Plane Switching. It's a title coined given by LG. Samsung calls it as Plane-to-line Switching (PLS). And, AU Optronics uses a term - Advance Hyper Viewing Angles (AHVA). All are same.

So, if you find the different term on Samsung or AU Optronics' websites, then don't be confuse of it. The most common and widely used term is an IPS panel that you will get on the most of online eCommerce website like Amazon, Best Buy, and many more.

So, coming back to the main focus, the IPS panels are developed to meet the drawbacks of TN panels. Here, I am referring to mainly two as follow.

  • Poor color reproduction
  • Limited viewing angles

Both of the limitations have been washed out in IPS panels. IPS monitor gives you 178 degrees of viewing angles. And, also they have very good color reproduction capabilities. The color reproduction is give by color gamut which you can measure using Spyder 5 PRO.

In addition to that, it has the most accurate black color reproduction. But, at the same time, When compared to TN panels, these have bit higher screen response time. Although, nowadays, many monitor manufacturers like Asus and LG have eliminated the limitation of low response time in their monitors. And, also programmers can use it in the vertical position unlike TN screens.

Furthermore, you will some kind of IPS glow when trying to see the picture from very sides. That's common but only when you look from very sides.

Also, IPS monitors are not cheaper as TN ones. But, if you a budget, then getting the IPS screen with near to 4ms responsive time is pretty fine. To be frank, I found no laptop with 1ms screen response time in in the gaming laptops I have tested. So,

  • It's for
  • Programmers
  • Photo & Video Editors
  • Non-competitive Gamers
  • Competitive Gamers (too costly)
  • Office use
  • Students
  • It's not for
  • Competitive Gamers who need a medium budget IPS monitor

But, on the other hand, this monitors don't have higher contrast ratio. That's the limitation of this panels. And, that's why VA panels are in the market.

See the picture below which shows how the color changes with changes in viewing angles between IPS (left) and TN (right) panel.

VA (Vertical Alignment) Panels

VA panels are bit compromise between the cons of TNs and IPSs. They offer better contrast ratio compared to both panels. Its response time is slow compared to TN. And, in terms of color reproduction, it falls behind to IPS panel. Its color reproduction just able to reach full SRGB spectrum.

In IPS monitors, the maximum screen contrast ratio can be 1100:1. But, in this panels, the same can be 4000:1. That's too big for gamers. Although, In my opinion, competitive gamers should avoid it as its latency is low. So,

  • It's for
  • Programmers
  • Office use
  • Students
  • Single Gamers
  • Video Editors
  • It's not for
  • Competitive Gamers
  • Photo Designing with extreme accuracy

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